Encoding, without this memory, doesn’t even have a chance to start to fail. Most failings of memory occur because of the initial lack of encoding. Now there are different ways to encode. Cognitive psychology recognizes four main ways of encoding; acoustic, semantic, tactile and visual. I would argue if you want to encode for long-term storage you would need to tie it in with previous knowledge, hook in, or build upon (the phrases vary based on what on what analogy you would you use to describe the phenomenon of semantic encoding.) The basic idea is the more ways you can find to encode the material you want to remember the easier you will be able to recall it when needed. now. Using the idea of compounding your knowledge, you will increase not only your ability to learn new things but your also your ability to filter out the signal from the noise. Change the threads of knowledge into tentacles of insight that will ultimately build, layer by layer, the lenses of perception for your world.
“Taken together, the evidence…demonstrates that drawing is a robust encoding strategy that can, and does, improve memory performance dramatically,”